Wednesday, August 31, 2016

NATIONAL AIR and SPACE MUSEUM - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center

Washington DC is known for its musea; one of them being the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) which holds very important Air and Space memorabilia such as the 1903 Wright Flyer, Charles Lindbergh's Spirit of St Louis, the Apollo 11 command module and the Bell X-1 first supersonic aircraft flown by Chuck Yeager. 

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

Far less known is its sister museum at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy center at the Washington Dulles International airport, about 40 miles west of the capital, which is also part of the Smithsonian institution. This much larger facility built in 2003, houses some of the larger air and spacecraft that couldn't find a place in the  downtown museum.

I visited the Üdvar-Hazy center, while on a short 24hr layover in Washington earlier this month and was very impressed with the overal look and feel of the museum. The NASM group is known for only accepting "rare birds" in its collection; they are clearly after record breaking or last remaining machines rather than just displaying anything being donated. 

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

Its main attraction is the Space Shuttle "Discovery"; which spend 365 days in space over 39 different space missions. I had seen a Shuttle mated to its Boeing 747 transporter before, but had never been that close. Being brought up in the Space Shuttle era, to stood there in absolute owe for probably the best part of an hour!

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

I've heard people asking when they will clean Discovery, which is obviously the wrong question to ask... Standing there gracefully just like she last came back from space on March 9 2011, with all of the space dust and burnt tiles intact!

In the World War II section, one finds some very rare birds, such as the only remaining German Arado 234 and Dornier Do 335 Pfeill. 

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

Enola Gay, a WWII US bomber is known for the wrong reasons; being the first aircraft to drop a nuclear bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

The Boeing B-307 Stratoliner "Flying Cloud" is another "only survivor"; being the first pressurised airliner. 

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

Entering the jet age, the Boeing 367-80, also called the dash 80, this is the predecessor of would later be called the B-707. 
Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

The worlds fastest manned air breathing aircraft, the SR-71 Blackbird, was nicely lined up with Discovery behind it; what a sight.

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

Obviously this is only a quick snapshot of what can be seen at the Udvar-Hazy center. To all aviation geeks in the area, don't miss this free museum! You won't regret it...
Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Musuem - Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Dulles airport, Washington, US

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Pic(k) of the week 36: Sunny spells over Greenland

The ones that have been to Greenland or even just flown over it, often wonder how the place got its name? Well even historians can't agree 100%, but it looks like Norwegian Viking Erik the Red (Thorvaldsson) was the one responsible for its bizar name! As he was exiled from Iceland for manslaughter more than 1000 years ago, he "discovered" Greenland and called it that way, to attract more people going to live there. Needless to say, there is very little (read none) greenery in Greenland.

Today it is still the worlds largest island (Australia is larger but officially a continent) and with its 56480 (2013) inhabitants, also holds the record for being the "least populated" country.

From the air, on a clear day, Greenland is one of the most photogenic places to shoot aerial photography from. Its long fjords are often studded with amazing icebergs, several kilometer long glaciers come down its +2000m high icecap which span the whole central section. An amazing sight!

The image below was shot from 38000 feet just North of Narsarsuaq in southern Greenland. I was especially attracted how a very thin layer of clouds was partially obscuring the view to this beautiful bay covered with small icebergs. 

Image details:
Fujifilm X-T2 with the XF18-135 lens
ISO 1600, f5.6, 1/6000s, 46mm (69mm full frame equivalent)
RAW file development in Lightroom CC
Nik ColorEfex Pro with Pro Contrast filter

My ever growing Aerial photography gallery can be found here.

Remember: "The best dreams happen when you are awake"


Thursday, August 25, 2016

FIRST LOOK: FUJIFILM XF23mm f2 R WR Fujinon lens

When Fujifilm announced the XF35mm f2 lens, about 10 months ago, a lot of street photographers were very excited! In no time it became one of most popular lenses for the X-series system... And rightly so; its compact size, great image quality, all at a "reasonable" price, made it a no brainer for a lot of the X-shooters with an interest in Street Photography. 

It wouldn't take long before Fujifilm photographers started asking for a 23mm lens in a "similar form factor" as the 35mm f2. And typically for Fujifilm, they do pay attention to its users... 
Today, August 25 2016 the new XF 23mm f2 R WR lens is reality! The announcement didn't come as a complete surprise as it already showed up on the latest X-mount Lens roadmap, a few months ago. 

Fujifilm Middle East, was kind enough to lend me a pre-production copy of the 23mm f2 a bit more than a week ago. Although a bit shorter than normal, I was still able to shoot the lens during a Street Photography walk in Paris and Dubai. All images shown here were shot on a pre-production X-T2 body. Although pretty close to final production, it is still a pre-production copy of the lens and small changes might occur between now and the release date. A new lens firmware is likely to be released over the coming month(s).

23 f2 left - 35 f2 right

The lens is made in Japan and has the typical high quality Fujifilm look and feel. At 52mm it is only marginally taller than the 35mm f2 (46mm) and weighs in at 180g compared to 170g for the 35mm f2. It is significantly smaller and lighter than its older brother, the 23mm f1.4 (63mm / 300g). 

While the aperture ring is identical to the 35mm f2, the focus ring is about 1/3 wider; a very welcome addition for those "hardcore" street photographers which prefer to shoot in manual focus! 

Its overall shape is so close to the 35mm f2, that I did find myself occasionally grabbing the wrong lens. Both lenses also share the same 43mm filter size. 

Just like the 35mm f2, it does not have a depth of field scale on the lens barrel; likely in an effort to keep the lens as compact as possible. Beside the standard black, the lens is also available in silver.

Last but not least, the lens is Weather Resistant (WR); great to go out shooting in the rain/snow as long as the camera body is also Weather Resistant. As of today, the X-T1, X-Pro2 and X-T2 all fulfil that requirement!


The provided lens hood is very different from the 35mm f2 one for two reasons:

  • It has a standard bayonet fitting that clicks into place and not a "screw in the filter thread" solution like the standard one that came with the XF35 f2. Happy with that!
  • Its shape is odd; I've given it some time to get used to it, but I really don't like it. I guess it might just be a personal thing.
The good news is that the optional LH-XF35-2 metal lens hood, of the vented shape, is supposed to work well on the new lens as well. I'll be ordering one asap, although I don't really agree with the steep asking price for a "lens hood"!

During the limited time I had the lens, I've experimented a little with using the 35mm f2 lens hood and vice-versa and did not notice any vignetting. Even without the lens hood the contrast remains very good. All of the colour images shot around Dubai Creek below, have been shot without it... Oops, forgot it at home!

I did not notice any excessive or weird sun-flare effects, which is in-line with the other recent glass from Fujifilm.

Can be summarised in two words; "Very Fast and Silent". Its 3 year old predecessor, the 23mm f1.4, isn't the fastest lens when it comes to autofocus; so it is probably better to compare it to the newer 35mm f2 lens again. 

Shot on a pre-production X-T2 body, I did find it being at least as fast as the 35mm f2 in normal light and noticeably faster in very low light. Today, it is probably the fastest X-series prime I've shot when it comes to autofocus. In all fairness, I did never think the 35mm f2 was a slow lens to start with!

Fujifilm states the following about the lens construction: "The lens consists of ten elements in six groups, including two aspherical elements. The optimum positioning of the aspherical elements, ensures flatness of the image plane, for edge-tot edge sharpness". A bit of a sales pitch, but it pretty much seems to be right on!

If we look back to the 35mm f2 lens, wide open (f2.0), it does suffer a bit from softness in the extreme corners. More details can be found in my review here. The 23mm f2 clearly does not have this and is sharp all the way from its widest f2 aperture. 

Its sweet spot for best centre sharpness seems to be around f4-f5.6; pretty standard for an f2.0 lens. Strange enough at a 1m focus distance, the extreme corners seemed a little softer at mid apertures f4-f5.6 compared to when shooting all the way open (f2) or more closed down from f8 and smaller. Images above and below are SOOC (Straight Out Of Camera) Jpegs, obviously taken on a tripod. Click on the image for full screen view; the top left of each shows the meta data. The zoomed in shot below shows the extreme bottom right corner.

Post publication 05 SEP 2016: Further testing of image corner sharpness has shown different result when an average focus distance is used. Below are two images shot at 2m focus distance. The second image is a 100% zoom into the left bottom corner. A "slightly" sharper at f5.6 (right) compared to f2.0 (left) in the extreme corners is visible; this is in line with most high quality lenses.

One of the items that surprised me most on the lens, is the close minimum focus distance. While Fujifilm has 22cm as a minimum focus distance, I did find it being just over 18cm; yes I did measure from the focal plane to the subject. It is not as close as the great XF16mm f1.4 (my review here) minimum focus distance, but is not far of!

A 35mm equivalent (23mm x.1.5 crop factor) lens will never be the bokeh monster like a longer 90mm or so. However, especially when focussing at the minimum focus distance, the depth of field is limited, as can be seen in the image below. Especially for street photography, I will rarely shoot wide open, as I'm after a larger depth of field.

For the bokeh fans; the circular aperture blades consists of 9 sheets.

XT-2, ISO 500, 1/250, f2.0


First of all, I'm not the guy that will shoot test charts to analyse different kinds of distortion. Practically speaking, I do not see any visible distortion at close focus distance. Image below is a SOOC (Straight Out Of Camera) jpeg shot with the Lens Modulation Optimiser ON.

Shooting tall buildings like these in Dubai, obviously will show the effect of the somewhat wider than standard focal range; but this is easily corrected in Lightroom or other software.


The new 23mm f2 lens will sell for 449,-USD which is 50 USD more than what the 35mm f2 launched at. I guess the fine guys (and girls) in Japan must realise how popular the 35 f2 is! Would have been nice if they could maintain the same 399,-USD price point, but once must recognise that 35mm full frame equivalent lenses tend to be a bit more expensive than the 50mm ones.

You don't need to wait too long to get your copy of the 23mm f2; early October 2016 it should be in most camera stores around the globe.


As I wrote in the introduction, this is pretty much a dream lens for Street Photographers! On a cropped camera body like all of the Fujifilm X-series, a 23mm lens becomes just about exactly 35mm full frame equivalent; depending who you talk this is often referred to as "the focal length for street photography". There is a reason why the hugely popular X-100 series carries that focal length as well! 

A great advantage will also be for the ones using the lens on an X-Pro1 or X-Pro2 body with the Optical Viewfinder (OVF). The shape of this lens obstructs the OVF far less than the "classic" 23mm lens; which again is good news for Street shooters. 

I would also recommend picking up this lens for somebody starting in photography and wanting to learn the craft the proper way. I'm confident that shooters starting off with primes will see their photography improve much faster. Doing it with a 35mm full frame equivalent makes it a great start!


XT-2, ISO 640, 1/250, f5.6

XT-2, ISO 200, 1/50, f5.6

XT-2, ISO 2000, 1/250, f10

XT-2, ISO 200, 1/420, f5.6

XT-2, ISO 200, 1/420, f5.6

XT-2, ISO 200, 1/250, f11

XT-2, ISO 3200, 1/40, f4

XT-2, ISO 320, 1/250, f5.6

XT-2, ISO 500, 1/250, f8

XT-2, ISO 200, 1/250, f6.4

First of all, with every release of a new Fujifilm prime lens, I realise how much more I like shooting primes nowadays. It makes it so much more enjoyable to walk around with a small lens and just zoom with your feet. You'll be amazed how quickly your brain will adapt to a certain focal range. After less than an hour of shooting, you will exactly know where to stand to frame the shot you had in mind. Something that obviously can not be said of a zoom lens, where one changes the focal range continuously.

Anyway back to the 23mm f2 ! As of today, just like with the older 35mm f1.4, the 23mm f1.4 will also remain in production. I guess some people might want the slightly brighter maximum aperture. For my own use on the streets, I don't however see such a reason and will be more than happy with this new f2 lens!

I actually never purchased the 23mm f1.4 as I found the lens a little too large and heavy for street photography anyway. 

In case you are still not quite sure, mine is on order! Thanks Fujifilm.

Feel free to share this blogpost on your blog, forum or social media platform. No prior permission is required. Just make sure you credit  

Monday, August 22, 2016

Pic(k) of the week 35: VIEW FROM THE LOUNGE - AIRBUS A380

As an airline pilot, I sometimes regret not having flown post World War II, in aircraft like the Douglas DC-3,-4,-6,-7, Lockheed Constellation and even the Boeing B707. Flying was still very different back then. Passengers used to dress up before they went on a flight, service was often top notch and some aircraft even had a lounge to relax during the longer flights... 

Well, it seems that some of that is at least coming back. The Airbus A380 I fly for living, has an excellent lounge area on the upper deck (Business/First class only). A great place to chill out and socialise, but also a perfect spot to frame an image of the graceful wings. With its 80 meter wingspan, the A380 is the largest passenger jet flying and as a pilot is an amazing bird to fly. Regularly flying with more than 600 people on board, it sometimes reminds me more of a cruise ship, than an airliner! 

Image details:
Fujifilm X-T2 with the 16-55 f2.8 lens
ISO 200, 39mm (60mm full frame equivalent), f5.6, 1/100s
SOOC (Straight Out Of Camera) jpeg using the VIVID Film Simulation

More images of the A380 airliners can be found here

Orville Wright, which did the first powered flight in 1903, once stated: "No airplane will ever be able to fly from New York to Paris".  

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here represent my own and not those of my employer.


Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Pic(k) of the week 34: FINE-ART DESERTSCAPE - (Large Fujifilm X-T2 Prints)

When I first started using the word "Desertscape" several years ago, to describe the type of landscape photography I often do in the desert, I didn't realise it was kind of an official word... A quick look in an online dictionary tells me it is a "scenic view of the desert". 

Scenic is definitively not an understatement, if one wants to describe the spectacular images one can make in the desert East of Dubai. Often combining interesting patterns and shapes, it is one of my favourite forms of landscape photography.  

I normally see these desertscapes as a vivid color landscape image, I've been trying to come up with some interesting "fine-art black and white" photographs.  Although off-road driving is great fun, images can also be made along the public roads; a prime example being the one below!

Image details:
Fujifilm X-T2 with the XF16-55 f2.8 lens
ISO 800, f13, 1/160s, 42mm (63mm full frame equivalent)
RAW conversion in Lightroom CC
Nik SilverEfex 2 for Black and White conversion

In order to test the print quality of the new sensor used on the Fujifilm X-T2  and X-Pro2 cameras (review X-T2, review X-Pro2), I ended up making a 120cm (48inch) wide dibond print (special print on aluminium). The result looks absolutely amazing! 

More of my Desertscapes can be found here.

Remember: "Twelve significant images in a  year, is a good crop" - Ansel Adams


Wednesday, August 10, 2016


The first airshow I shot with the new Fujifilm X-T2 camera, was the 2016 edition of the Planes of Fame airshow in Chino, CA... Although the pre-production camera was not even close to its final firmware version at the time, there was no doubt that this little baby would rock when it comes to Airshow Photography. 

On the topic of this very specific kind of action photography, the great guy(s) of FUJILOVE, have published a 23 page article of mine, where I explain the ins and outs of Airshow photography. Please make sure that you pick up your copy of the e-magazine here!

One of the things I explain in detail, is how photographing propellor planes, can be very challenging; especially with the longer glass like the great XF 100-400 super telephoto. 

Back to my Pic(k) of the week. The image below of a Grumman Tigercat F7F-3; a twin engined WWII era fighter, was made during a high speed (more than 700km/h) pass. It was the first time I saw a Tigercat flying. Quite a sight and what a great sound these two R2800 radial engines make.

Planes of Fame airshow 2016, Chino, CA

Fujifilm X-T2 (pre-production) with XF 100-400 super telephoto lens
ISO 200, f13, 1/400s, 153mm
RAW file development in Lightroom CC
Nik ColorEfex pro with Pro Contrast filter

Towards the end of the month, I will publish part 3 in the series: FUJIFILM GOES FLYING. While part 1 dealt with Air to Air photography and Part 2 was all about Aerial images. The last one will be about guess what... Airshow Photography.

Till then, happy shooting,